Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts

 

MMA Weight Classes for Men

Class

Weight Range

Flyweight

Up to 105 lbs

Super flyweight

105.1–115 lbs

Bantamweight

115.1–125 lbs

Super bantamweight

125.1–135 lbs

Featherweight

135.1–145 lbs

Lightweight

145.1–155 lbs

Super lightweight

155.1–165 lbs

Welterweight

165.1–175 lbs

Super welterweight

175.1–185 lbs

Middleweight

185.1–195 lbs

Super middleweight

195.1–205 lbs

Light heavyweight

205.1–225 lbs

Heavyweight

225.1–265 lbs

Super heavyweight

Over 265 lbs

  

MMA Weight Classes for Women

Class

Weight Range

Flyweight

Up to 95 lbs

Bantamweight

95.1–105 lbs

Featherweight

105.1–115 lbs

Lightweight

115.1–125 lbs

Welterweight

125.1–135 lbs

Middleweight

135.1–145 lbs

Light heavyweight

145.1–155 lbs

Cruiserweight

155.1–165 lbs

Heavyweight

165.1–185 lbs

Super heavyweight

Over 185 lbs

  

MMA no-no’s in fighting

No groin attacks.

No knees to the head on a grounded opponent.

No strikes to the back of the head or the spine.

No head butts. No eye gouging.

No fish hooking.

No fingers in an opponent’s orifices. No biting.

No hair pulling

No strikes or grabbing of the throat.

No manipulation of the fingers or toes.

No intentional grabbing of the ring or cage.

Accidentally performing one of these actions in a fight earns you an automatic warning from the referee. If your opponent was injured from your accidental action, he’ll get five minutes to recover.

 

Approved ways to end an MMA fight

Decision. If a fight lasts all rounds, the outcome is decided by three judges. Each fighting promotion has its own unique point system.

Disqualification (DQ). Think of this as a sort of “three strikes and you’re out” policy. Each time a fighter engages in an illegal move, he receives a warning. After three warnings, he’s disqualified. A DQ can also be called if a  fighter has been injured by an illegal move that seemed intentional.

Forfeit. A fighter can announce a forfeit before a match begins if he’s injured.

Knockout (KO). A knockout is when a fighter loses consciousness thanks to his opponent’s strikes.

No contest. If both fighters violate the rules, or if a fighter is injured by an unintentional illegal action, nocontest call can result. No contest is rarely called in MMA fights.

Submission. If one fighter achieves a submission hold, the fighter trapped in the hold can call defeat by tapping out on his opponent’s body or the mat, or by making a verbal announcement. Some defeated fighters fail to tap out and become incapacitated. In such cases, the referee calls an end to the fight.

Technical knockout (TKO). A technical knockout, when a fight is ended by the referee, doctor, or fighter’s corner, can be called in a few ways. The referee can call one when a fighter is no longer defending himself, usually due to an effective attack by his opponent.

A doctor can also call a TKO if it’s clear that continuing the fight could be dangerous.

A fighter’s corner can throw in a towel to admit defeat, resulting in a TKO.